BADARQA HARBANS (Block- Sikandarpur Karan : Pargana- Harha
: Tehsil Unnao)
The village of Badarqa Harbans
lies about 11 km south of Unnao near Achalganj at a distance
of 3 Km west of Unnao - Rae Bareli road. It was founded in 1643
AD by Raja Harbans, an official at the court of Shah Jahan,
who recieved a grant of 500 Bighas from the Emperor in pargana
Harha. He built a fine house here with walls of limestone blocks
to a height of about 500m, surmounted with turreted walls, on
an elaborate frieze of red stone over the gateway, having alternately
Geese & Elephants in pairs. A large hall of audience supported
on carved pillars formely stood here, but Asaf-ud-daula is said
to have taken these pillars to help building Imambara at Lucknow.
The house built by Raja Harbans was was very picturesque and
massive, and the strength of its construction was calculated
to defy the hands of time.
BAKSAR (Block- Sumerpur : Pargana- Daundia Khera : Tehsil
Baksar, the southmost village
of the district, lies on the left bank of the Ganga, about 5
km south of Daundia Khera and 51 km south-east of Unnao. The
place is said to derive its name from a sanskrit word Bakasram
denoting the residence of Baka, a rakshas, who founded a town
at the site of the present village. He lived here and erected
a temple to Nageshwar Nath Mahadeo. Baka is said to have been
killed by lord Krishna more than 5000 years ago.
It is also said that Raja Abhai Chand, a Bais Rajput conquered
the place naming it after the shrine of Bakeshwar Mahadeo and
made it its capital. Ram Bakhsh Singh, the Raja of Daundia Khera,
who took an active part in the freedom struggle in
1857 was anged here on a tree over a Temple which was also blown
up by the British. The ruins of the Temple and and several broken
images are still found in the Village.
A bathing fair, attended by a large number of people, is anually
held here on the full moon day of Kartika.
BANGARMAU (Block- Bangarmau : Pargana- Bangarmau : Tehsil :
Bangarmau , a large village, lies in
the centre of the Pargana, which derives its name from this
village, surrounded by extensive groves. It is situated on the
left bank of Kalyani, about 49 km north-west of Unnao and 22
km north-west of Safipur on the Unnao-Hardoi road.
The ancient town of Newal stood close to te site of Bangarmau,
and was occupied by Raja Nal, a local ruler and is traditionally
associated with ancient site of 'Alavi' of the Buddhist records
and 'Navadevakula' of Huien Tsang's travel accounts. According
to Buddhist literature, Buddha stayed here for sometime and
preached the gospel. The antiquity of the place is attested
by the discovery of earthern black polished wares and other
Archaeological finds. One terracotta piece, in particular, representing
'Aradhanarishwari' a rare specimen of its kind in India, was
found here and is displayed in the National Museum. The other
interesting objects found here include Manshila Mandir, Davendihar
& Mahadeo Phulwari.
The Budhawa Mangal fair is held here on the first Tuesday of
Chaitra. Two other fairs are also organised here by the villagers,
one known as Baboo Mian ka Mela, falls on the Ist Tuesday of
Chaitra, and the other, called the fair of Shitla Devi, falls
on the 8th day of the bright half of the month of Chaitra.
DAUNDIA KHERA ( Block- Sumerpur : Pargana-Daundia Khera
: Tehsil- Bighapur.)
Also known as Sangrampur, lies
on the high bank of Morahi (Naurahi) river about 5 km west of
the Unnao-Dalmau road and 29 km south of Purwa.
About the 13th century, one Abhai Chand, a Bais Rajput, drove
out the Bhars of Daundia Khere, after fighting a fierce battle.
Abhai Chand gave the name of Sangrampur to the village where
he fought the battle. Since then it formed the home of the great
Bais clan of Rajputs. Ram Bux Singh, talukdar of the place and
a descendent of Abhai Chand, was hanged here for participation
in the freedom struggle of 1857.
MOHAN (Block- Hasanganj : Pargana:- Auras-Mohan : Tehsil-
Mohan, a considerable village
lies on the left bank of the Sai river, about 6 km east of Hasanganj
and 38 km north-east of Unnao. Roads lead from this place to
Malihabad in Dist. Lucknow on the east, Nawabganj on the south
and Bangarmau on the north-west. During the days of the Nawabs
of Avadh, it was an important town, of which many residents
found employment in the court of the Nawab and earned large
fortunes. The town was well known for its Unani Hakims, mimics
To the south of the village near the Sai, is a high mound, supposed
to be the remains of an ancient fort. On this mound is an old
tomb of a Muslim Saint.
NAWABGANJ (Block- Nawabganj : Pargana- Jhalotar Ajgain :
Tehsil- Hasanganj )
Nawabganj lies on the Lucknow-Kanpur
National Highway, about 20Km. North-East of Unnao. It was founded
in 1842 by Amin-ud-daulah, the prime minister of Avadh who built
a serai and a mosque which are still in good condition.
Nawabganj a scene of heavy fighiting with 'General' Havelock's
army after he crossed the Ganga at Kanpur in July/August 1857.
Havelock did not face a regular sepoy army when he crossed into
Avadh , Ubdool Huda Khan Kandaharee was despatched with two
companies from regiment in Lucknow and 14 Guns to check the
General 's Progress, But he was defeated and his guns were captured.
Tuhwar Hussain was then ordered to take command but he refused,
and Mohammad Hussain who was formerly Chakladar volunteered
and set out against the General. He was defeated but remained
at Nawabganj, and fell upon the British troops, when the General
harassed by the men of the Talooqdars' Mansab Ali, Jassa Singh,
Baboo, Rao Ram Buksh and others, retreated back.
PARIYAR (Block- Sikandarpur Sirausi : Pargana- Pariyar :
Pariyar, which gives its name
to a Pargana, lies on the left bank of the Ganga at a distance
of about 23 km north-west of Unnao. In the vicinity of the village
lies the Mahua Lake.
Tradition has it that in the Treta yuga, Lakshman at the behest
of his brother Rama, accompanied Sita to her banishment to this
place, which in consequence, came to be known as Parhar, a sanskrit
word meaning abandonment. With the passage of time the name
Parhar has been converted to pariyar. It was here that Sita
gave birth to Lava & Kusha who were trained in archery by
Valmiki, and grew up to be accomplished warriors. They caught
Shyambaran, a horse loosed by Rama during Aswamedh Yajna arranged
by him and this gave a signal of for a war between Rama and
his Sons whom he did not know.
The village is said to have been founded in the 12th century
by Himachal Singh, a Dikhit Thakur. The place possesses 2 temples,
one of Balkaneshwar Nath Mahadeo, said to have been built by
Lava & Kusha and the other of Janki.
PATAN (Takia) (Block - Sumerpur : Pargana-Patan : Tehsil-
Patan lies on the road from
Unnao to Allahabad via Achalganj, about 16 km south of Purwa.
The Rae Bareli-Kanpur branch of the Northern Railway passes
by the village which has a Railway station, Takia.
The village possesses a temple dedicated to Lingeshwar Mahadeo,
a Tomb of Muhabbat Shah, and an ancient mound ascribed to the
Bhars. A large fair known as 'Takia - Ka - Mela', is held hereon
the Ist thursday of Paus, in honour of Niamat Shah, a disciple
of Muhabbat Shah, a darvesh, who was a contemporary of Shuja-ud-daulah
and Asaf-ud-daula, nawabs of Avadh. The story goes that once
a Kurmi devotee of Muhabbat Shah fell accidently into a dry
well and called out his name for help, but no one arriving,
he called one Niamat Shah, who is said to have instantly appeared,
and helped him out of the well. The next day the kurmi reappeared
to Muhabbat Shah's hermitage place, but saluted Niamat Shah
only and on being asked to explain the omission to pay his respects
to Muhabbat Shah, related th story in full. Muhabbat Shah getting
enraged with Niamat ordered him to die, which command he carried
out at once. Niamat was buried in the Takya (grave-yard). In
order to perpetuate his memory, Muhabbat Shah arranged for a
fair to be held over his tomb, which is still kept up.
SAFIPUR (Block, Pargana & Tehsil Safipur)
Safipur lies on the Unnao-Hardoi
road about 27 km north-west of Unnao. It is said to have been
named after a dervesh Makhdum Shah Safi. On his death he was
buried here and the place assumed the name Safipur. Safipur
forms the last resting place of several other derveshes also
of whom the chief are Ifhamullah, Kudrat-ullah, Hafiz-ullah
A famous mausoleum over the remains of the dervesh Safi was
erected here. Small urs fairs are held here on the 12th &
22nd day of Rabi-ul-awwal, 20th day of Jamat-us-sani, 12th &
14th days of Rajjab, 8th day of Ramzan and 14th day of Zilhaj.